TOP-10 war crimes committed by the Russian army in Ukraine
Having unleashed a bloody war in Ukraine, Russia is committing actions that have no justification, neither from a military nor from a moral point of view.
This was stated on his official Facebook page by the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine Valery Zaluzhny. "Killings of civilians, shelling of kindergartens, hospitals, housing estates, use of cruise missiles on civilians, shooting of school buses, blocking of ambulances are an incomplete list of war crimes committed by the Russian Federation against the population of Ukraine. These are crimes that have no statute of limitations. There is no amnesty for their commission, "he said.
In Ukraine, as a result of a full-scale war unleashed by Russia for no reason, according to incomplete estimates by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, as of June 26, 10,631 civilians were injured, including 4,731 killed. According to the UN, 155 boys and 134 girls died, as well as 41 children, the sex of which has not yet been established.
These numbers are appalling… The death of even one person is an irreparable loss and grief. The editorial board of ArmiyaInform will still try to compile a list of the ten most horrific of the 20,000 war crimes recorded by National Police investigators.
TOP-10 war crimes of racists:
1. Destruction of Mariupol
Approximately 22,000 people died in Mariupol, 50% of the city was completely burned, 90% of critical infrastructure was destroyed.
"We are on the verge of a difficult epidemiological situation. The city does not have a garbage collection system. To this are added forced and spontaneous burials, which were superficial. All this mixture is moving towards rivers and the sea, wells, "said Mariupol Mayor Vadym Boychenko.
He also said that the city "already has cholera, dysentery and other infectious diseases," but "Russian occupation forces are hiding it."
"Attacking or shelling unprotected and non-military purposes, cities, villages, dwellings or buildings by any means; deliberate targeted attack on civilians or individual civilians not directly involved in hostilities ”- a direct violation of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 (Article 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute).
2. Bucha tragedy
Mass killings of civilians in the Kyiv region, accompanied by abductions, torture, rape, including of children, and looting. More than 420 city residents died.
The main method of murder was a shot to the back of the head. The Russians were particularly brutal in the last days of the occupation just before the retreat, in particular, they executed almost all the men who remained in the occupied city, aged 18 to 60.
Domestic and world media wrote that after the Ukrainian armed forces liberated the Kyiv region, they witnessed the shocking destruction of the territory: bodies on the roads, testimonies of civilian executions, mass graves, killed children.
"Intentional killings, torture or inhuman treatment, intentional infliction of severe suffering or grievous bodily harm" are considered gross violations of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 (Article 8 (2) (a) of the Rome Statute).
3. Missile strike on a shopping center in Kremenchuk
Missile strike on the Amstor shopping center in Kremenchuk on June 27. Russia launched X-22 missiles from Tu-22M3 strategic bombers that took off from Shaykovka airfield and launched from the Kursk region.
More than a thousand people were in the mall at the time of the attack, and 18 people were killed, 57 wounded and 36 are still wanted.
President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky called it one of the most daring terrorist acts in the history of Europe. "Only completely frozen terrorists, who should have no place on earth, can hit rockets on civilian targets. And these are not erroneous missile hits in kindergartens, schools, shopping malls, residential buildings, these are calculated strikes by the occupiers. Russia must be recognized as a state sponsor of terrorism. The world is capable, and therefore, must stop Russian terror, " Volodymyr Zelensky wrote in his official Telegram channel.
"Intentional attack on civilian objects, ie objects that are not military purposes" - a serious violation of the laws and customs of war (Article 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute).
4. Abduction and forced relocation of Ukrainian children to Russia, Belarus and ORDLO
The Russian occupiers forcibly relocated more than 1.1 million people to remote areas of Russia. At the same time, Ukrainians are issued documents prohibiting them from leaving Russian regions for two years. Some of the hostages are relocated to Siberia and beyond the Arctic Circle.
Russia deported more than 234,000 minors to its territory and to Belarus, and forcibly relocated more than 234,000 minors to the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine. This was announced by the Presidential Commissioner for Children's Rights and Child Rehabilitation Daria Gerasymchuk. She stressed that such actions are illegal, prohibited by international law, and Ukraine will fight for every child.
According to her , the actions of the invaders were planned in advance: "They have been preparing for this for a long time… It is part of their" program of denazification and denationalization "of young Ukrainians, when they kidnap and relocate them, when they change their citizenship… It is forbidden by the Geneva Convention."
"Movement of part or all of the population of the occupied territory both within the relevant territory and outside it" - a war crime under Art. 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute.
St. 11 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child obliges "States parties to take measures to combat the illegal movement and non-return of children from abroad".
5. Blockade of Ukrainian ports and theft of Ukrainian grain
Of the 18 Ukrainian seaports, 9 have been seized and 6 have been blocked from the sea.
Ukraine's agricultural losses due to the aggression and blockade of ports already amount to 4 billion 300 million dollars. According to the Ministry of Agrarian Policy, the racists exported at least 400,000 tons of grain from Ukraine.
According to Minister Mykola Solsky, the blockade of Ukrainian ports is a declaration of war on the world's food security. Ukraine is one of the TOP-3 suppliers of food to the world market. "We are the fifth largest exporter of wheat in the world, the fourth largest seller of corn, the third largest seller of barley and the first largest seller of sunflower oil. Russia's blockade of Ukrainian ports threatens the hunger and poverty of 1.7 billion people, which is 20% of the world's population, " he said .
"Destruction or seizure of enemy property, except in cases where such destruction or seizure is caused by military necessity" - a war crime under Art. 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute.
6. The threat of a nuclear catastrophe due to damage to Ukrainian nuclear power plants
On March 4, the buildings and units of Europe's largest Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant were shelled. As a result of the shelling, the first power unit was damaged. On April 16, three Russian missiles could hit the nuclear reactor of the South Ukrainian nuclear power plant. On April 25, 2022, two Russian cruise missiles were recorded, flying in critical proximity to the nuclear facilities of the Khmelnitsky NPP. On April 26, two cruise missiles flew at low altitude over the Zaporozhye NPP. On June 5, a Russian missile flew critically low over the South Ukrainian nuclear power plant.
With its missile strikes, the Russian Federation exposes the whole world to the danger of destruction.
"Each State Party undertakes not to resort to military or any other hostile use of means of influence on the environment which have wide, long-term or serious consequences…" - Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any Other Hostile Use of Means of Influence on natural environment.
7. Air strike on the Mariupol maternity hospital
The racists launched an air strike on the Mariupol maternity hospital and children's hospital on March 9. Three people were killed, including a child, and 17 were injured.
A pregnant woman who was injured in the shelling was taken to another hospital. The baby was born by caesarean section, but showed no signs of life. The struggle for the life of the mother lasted 30 minutes, but severe injuries prevented doctors from doing so: the woman had a broken pelvis, her leg was torn off.
Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov later said that the maternity hospital was used as a military base. He tried to convince the world community that “Ukrainian ultranationalists expelled all midwives and staff. After that, the maternity hospital was used by the ultra-radical Azov battalion.
Meanwhile, Western journalists documented the attack and reported seeing at least several bloodied pregnant mothers fleeing the blast. Journalists were able to meet the victims of the attack later in another hospital. One of them lost several toes as a result of the attack.
"Intentional targeted attack on the civilian population or individual civilians who are not directly involved in hostilities; deliberate attack on civilian objects, ie objects that are not military purposes "- serious violations of the laws and customs of war (Article 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute).
8. Shooting "Hail" and missiles in Kharkov
On February 28, the Russian army fired hail and high-precision missiles at several districts of Kharkiv: Oleksiyivka, Saltivka, and Pavlopol. 87 houses were damaged in the city. The shelling killed 11 people and injured more than 40, including five children.
(Article 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute).
9. Hurricane shooting of a kindergarten in Okhtyrka
On the second day of the full-scale war, a residential area, bomb shelters and the Sonechko kindergarten were damaged as a result of the Hurricane's rocket-propelled grenade fire in the city of Okhtyrka in the Sumy Region. One child and two educators were killed and 17 children were injured.
(Article 8 (2) (b) of the Rome Statute).
10. Destruction of critical infrastructure, cultural heritage
On the territory of Ukraine, 21,779 critical infrastructure facilities and buildings were completely destroyed, and another 140,000 were partially destroyed. Nearly 10,000 fires broke out across the country as a result of the shelling.
144 religious buildings were damaged. 118 medical institutions were destroyed, another 628 medical facilities were damaged. 100 sports facilities were damaged by enemy fire.
UNESCO estimates that more than 150 cultural sites in Ukraine have been partially or completely destroyed.
"Illegal, senseless and significant destruction or misappropriation of property not caused by military necessity" is a war crime (Article 8 (2) (a) of the Rome Statute).
ArmyInform has already written that, according to the articles of our Criminal Code, racist people face 10 to 15 years in prison for premeditated murder, violation of the laws and customs of war, encroachment on the territorial integrity and inviolability of Ukraine, crimes against peace, human security and international law. or life imprisonment.
We remind you that the main platform for collecting evidence of war crimes of the Russian Federation has been created in Ukraine - https://warcrimes.gov.ua/ .
According to Prosecutor General Iryna Venediktova, it accumulates information about enemy crimes, which will later be used by the Prosecutor General's Office at the International Criminal Court in The Hague and in Ukrainian courts, as well as during potential special international tribunals. "This evidence will also be provided by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the UN International Court of Justice and the Ministry of Justice to the European Court of Human Rights," she said.